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Discover Europe’s Rich History: Must-Visit Cities & Landmarks

Exploring the Best of Europe: Must-Visit Cities and Landmarks

Travelling to Europe offers a wealth of experiences, from historic cities to beautiful natural landscapes. With dozens of countries and hundreds of cities to choose from, it can be tough to decide where to go. For those who want to explore the best of Europe, there are certain must-visit cities and landmarks. This guide will cover them in detail, from transportation and accommodation considerations, to budgeting tips and cultural advice.

Must-Visit Cities

For the perfect European holiday, visiting just one or two cities is not enough – here are six of the top spots on the continent.

  • Rome, Italy – Rome is a city full of history, art and culture. Top attractions include the Colosseum, St. Peter’s Basilica and the Trevi Fountain for those seeking a classic Italian experience.
  • Paris, France – Paris is the epitome of French culture. From the iconic Eiffel Tower to the beautiful parks and gardens, it is a city that can be explored over and over again. Be sure to visit some of the wonderful museums and enjoy the delicious food.
  • Amsterdam, Netherlands – Amsterdam is renowned for its canals, cobbled streets and the many bike riders. There’s also plenty of culture to be found, with great art galleries and an array of stunning windmills to explore. For those looking for a more relaxed experience, grab a beer and soak up the atmosphere in a traditional cafe-bar.
  • Berlin, Germany – Berlin is a vibrant and exciting city, filled with interesting attractions such as the Brandenburg Gate and Checkpoint Charlie. Visit one of the many museums to learn about the city’s captivating history, or take a stroll through one of the bustling markets.
  • Madrid, Spain – Madrid is a colourful city, packed with wonderful architecture and lively nightlife. The huge Royal Palace is a must-see, along with the sprawling Plaza Mayor and the vibrant neighbourhood of La Latina. Make sure to sample the delicious Spanish cuisine too.
  • London, England – London is a city steeped in history, with royal palaces and traditional pubs. Head over to Buckingham Palace, take a ride on the London Eye, or explore the winding streets of the City of London. There is something for everyone here.

Must-Visit Cities

Europe is one of the most beautiful regions in the world, filled with incredible history and culture. Its cities and landmarks offer plenty of opportunities for exploration and adventure. From ancient ruins to modern marvels, these are six cities you must visit to get the full European experience:

  • London – As the capital city of England, London is a vibrant destination with lots to offer. Popular attractions include Buckingham Palace, Tower Bridge, the London Eye and the British Museum. There’s plenty of nightlife in the city too, with many pubs, clubs and shows.
  • Paris – Paris is one of the world’s most romantic cities and it’s easy to see why. Famous for its iconic monuments and landmarks like the Eiffel Tower and Louvre Museum, Paris is a great place to explore French cuisine and art. Visit during the summer and you can enjoy the view from the top of the tower.
  • Rome – A city that needs no introduction, Rome is the birthplace of the Roman Empire and its grand monuments are a testament to its illustrious past. From the Colosseum to the Trevi Fountain, Rome is home to some of the world’s most amazing pieces of architecture. Don’t forget to visit St Peter’s Basilica and the Pantheon!
  • Venice – Venice is an Italian city built on a network of canals and connected by bridges. It’s often referred to as the “City of Canals” and is one of the most unique destinations in Europe. Take a gondola ride around the city or explore St Mark’s Square – the choice is yours!
  • Berlin – As the capital city of Germany, Berlin has a rich and varied history. Its vibrant nightlife, modern architecture and World War II sites make it an incredible destination for travelers. Don’t miss the chance to visit iconic sites such as the Brandenburg Gate and the Reichstag.
  • Budapest – Budapest is a beautiful Hungarian city, split into two halves by the Danube River. It’s known for its incredible 19th-century buildings, thermal baths and bustling markets. Enjoy the views from Fisherman’s Bastion or take a leisurely stroll through City Park.

There’s so much to discover in each city. Whether you’re looking for an adventure or a relaxing break, Europe has it all. Now let’s take a look at some of the must-visit landmarks.

Must-Visit Landmarks

Europe is filled with exciting landmarks, each of which offer tourists a unique experience. From ancient castles to modern art installations, there’s something special for everyone. Below are six must-visit landmarks and why they should be part of your European holiday.

1. Colosseum, Rome, Italy

No tourist trip to Europe is complete without a visit to the awe-inspiring Colosseum in Rome, Italy. As one of the world’s most recognised monuments, it is the largest amphitheater ever built and still stands today as a major symbol of Ancient Roman architecture. Seeing it in person is an unforgettable experience – and one which brings alive the grandeur of Ancient Rome.

2. Sagrada Familia, Barcelona, Spain

The breathtaking Sagrada Familia in Barcelona is architect Antoni Gaudi’s most famous modernist masterpiece. With its intricate façade and unique use of light and colour, this Roman Catholic church is an integral part of the city and a must-see. Of particular interest are the church’s 18 majestic spires – each of which has its own meaning.

3. Neuschwanstein Castle, Schwangau, Germany

Neuschwanstein Castle in Schwangau, Germany is one of the most instantly recognisable castles in the world. Built by King Ludwig II of Bavaria in 1886, the castle is surrounded by stunning landscaped gardens and magnificent views of the Bavarian Alps. After touring the castle itself, visitors can explore the nearby Hohenschwangau Castle, or take a boat ride on the romantic Lake Alpsee to admire the view.

4. Eiffel Tower, Paris, France

The Eiffel Tower in Paris, France is perhaps the most iconic landmark you’ll find in Europe. Built over 125 years ago, the tower stands 324 meters tall and offers stunning views over the French capital. For those who don’t want to climb the steps, there are two elevators located in the north and south pillars that take visitors up the three levels of the tower.

5. Stonehenge, Wiltshire, England

The 5,000 year old Stonehenge monument in Wiltshire, England is an archaeological mystery that continues to puzzle historians. During summer months, visitors can explore the site in the evening, when the environment takes on a magical allure. Stonehenge has recently been linked to celestial events such as solstices and eclipses, making it a particularly interesting place to visit and enjoy the night sky.

6. Grand Canal, Venice, Italy

The Grand Canal in Venice, Italy is the largest canal in the city and an incredible feat of engineering. Stretching 2.5 miles from the lagoon to the city, the canal is lined with ancient palaces, vibrant markets, and sights to marvel at from the iconic gondolas. Visitors can take a cruise to capture the best of Venice’s waterfront beauty while admiring the cloistered castles and ancient monuments.

Transportation in Europe

When visiting cities in Europe, the most economical way of getting around is by public transport. Trains, buses and trams are all great options that allow you to explore the cities quickly and easily without breaking the bank.

In many cities, such as London, Paris and Berlin, there are efficient metro systems that are easy to navigate and provide good value for money. Trams and buses are also great alternatives, and depending on the city you visit, can be a more enjoyable way to explore.

In smaller towns and villages, buses are usually the main form of transportation. Although they may not be as comprehensive or efficient as those found in larger cities, they still provide a reliable service and are the best way to get around.

If travelling longer distances, trains are often the most cost-effective and convenient option. Many cities have connections to other European destinations, and train journeys usually take less time than driving or flying.

Whichever mode of transport you choose, there are plenty of options available in Europe to help you get around. With careful planning, you can make your trip more enjoyable and save money while doing so.

Accommodation to Suit Every Budget

When it comes to accommodation, Europe has something to suit every budget. Whether you are looking for a luxurious hotel, or a hostel stay, there is something for everyone. Here we look at some accommodation options available in each of the cities mentioned in this guide.

Luxury Hotels

For those looking for a true luxurious experience, Europe offers some of the world’s best five star hotels. Popular destinations like London, Paris and Rome are home to some of the most luxurious and iconic hotels in the world. London has The Savoy, known for its opulent Victorian design and luxurious amenities. While Paris is home to the iconic Ritz-Carlton with its French Riviera-inspired decor. For those travelling to Italy, the Hotel de Russie in Rome is the perfect place to stay with its terrace garden and spa.

Mid-Range Accommodation

For those looking for something in the mid-range price, there are plenty of excellent options across Europe. One of the best ways to find good deals is to book a vacation package. These usually include a flight, hotel and car rental, at a discounted rate. AirBnB is also a great option for those wanting to stay off the beaten track and get a more authentic experience. Many cities also have designer boutiques that have been converted into hotels, offering luxury at a more reasonable price.

Budget Accommodation

For those looking to save on accommodation costs, there are some great budget options around Europe. Hostels are a great choice as they offer affordable rooms in a communal setting. Couchsurfing is another great way to experience different cultures and save money while travelling. There are also some online websites such as and Trivago where you can compare prices of different hotels and find the best deal.

No matter what your budget, there is an accommodation option for everyone when exploring the best of Europe. With a bit of research, you can find the perfect place to stay for your needs.


Travelling around Europe can often be expensive, so it’s important to make sure that your budget is managed correctly. There are many ways that you can save money whilst exploring the best of Europe.

Firstly, consider booking flights and accommodation in advance. Many websites offer discounts for people who plan ahead, and some may even give you access to exclusive deals. Consider using budget airlines, which can often be cheaper than traditional ones, as long as you’re happy to compromise on luxury.

You may also be able to save money by using local transport systems instead of taxis or private drivers. Bus and train services throughout Europe are usually reliable and relatively inexpensive.

You can also take advantage of free activities like guided walking tours, local festivals or markets. Visiting attractions which offer discounts or free entrance at certain times of the day is another great way to save money.

Finally, consider choosing accommodation based on the facilities it offers. Some hotels may include breakfast in the price, or let you borrow internet for free. Alternatively, Airbnb often offers great value for money, and could be cheaper than staying in a hotel.

By doing your research and planning ahead, you can ensure that you stay within your budget and make the most of your time exploring the best of Europe.

Cultural Tips

Exploring Europe is all about cultural immersion. To make the most of your experience, it’s important to make an effort to connect with the locals and learn their customs. Here are some tips to help you do just that.

  • Show an interest in the local culture. Talk to local people and ask questions about their culture. There is no better way to understand a place than through the eyes of its people.
  • Learn some of the language. It will really impress the locals if you can greet them or ask for directions in their native language. Even if you only master a few phrases, it will help you make connections more easily.
  • Attend cultural events. From festivals to theatre performances, there are always cultural activities taking place around Europe. Participate in some of these to get an authentic feel for the local way of life.
  • Visit museums and galleries. These are fantastic ways to learn more about the history and heritage of the area. A tour guide can also explain the significance of certain attractions.

Ultimately, one of the best ways to gain an understanding of the culture is to keep an open mind and be willing to try new things. When travelling in Europe, be prepared to step out of your comfort zone.

Safety Tips for Travelling in Europe

Travelling to Europe for the first time can be a little daunting. There are lots of different cultures and languages to navigate, and if you’re not careful, it can be easy to fall prey to scams or even find yourself in dangerous situations. But with a few safety tips, you can have a safe and enjoyable trip.

First and foremost, do your research on the destination you’re visiting. Knowing the local laws, customs, and language can go a long way in preventing an unfortunate situation.

Second, avoid walking alone at night and be aware of your surroundings. Pickpockets work in high-traffic areas and could be ready to take advantage of unsuspecting travellers. It is best to stay in well-lit and populated areas.

Third, don’t flash large amounts of money in public. You might be a target for robbers. Be aware of how much cash you are carrying and keep it to a minimum when travelling around.

Fourth, make copies of your passport and other important documents so if they are lost or stolen, you have a record of all the important information you need to get back on track.

Finally, purchase travel insurance before your journey. This will provide coverage in case of injury, theft, or any other emergencies that may arise while travelling.

Travelling in Europe can be an amazing and life-changing experience. Following these safety tips can help ensure that your trip runs smoothly and without incident. Have a great trip!

Exploring Cuisine in Europe

Europe is a melting pot of cultures and the food scene across the continent reflects this. With a variety of culinary experiences unique to each country, it can be hard to know where to start. From quintessential French cuisine to Greek gyros, Europe is sure to have something to delight every palate.

Italian food is a must-try while in Europe. Whether it’s savouring pizza margherita in Naples, or sampling spaghetti carbonara in Rome, visitors will find a range of delicious Italian dishes to enjoy. For seafood lovers, Spain and Portugal are the ideal destinations for paella and caldo verde. Nothing quite beats traditional bratwurst with sauerkraut when exploring Germany or classic fish and chips whilst visiting England. Travel to the Balkans for some hearty stews and meat dishes, or explore the Baltics for some contemporary takes on traditional recipes.

Vegetarians can also enjoy the full European culinary experience. From falafel in Jerusalem to shakshuka in Tunisia, there is something for everyone. Many countries have traditional plant-based dishes, such as moussaka in Greece and vegan goulash in Hungary.

A key part of any trip to Europe should also include knowledge of traditional beverages available in the different countries. Popular choices include authentic German beer, Spanish sangria, and vodka from the Baltic states. Wine enthusiasts can sample the delights of the vineyards of France, Italy and even England.

From the comfort foods of Scandinavia to the seafood favourites of the Mediterranean, Europe has much to offer in terms of flavours to taste. Despite the huge variety of cuisine, one thing remains constant—experiencing traditional foods and drinks is an essential part of understanding each culture.

Subheading 9 – Sightseeing Tours

Travelling around Europe is an incredible experience and one of the best ways to make the most of your adventure is to book a sightseeing tour. In the past, organising a tour was a difficult process that often took days; however, modern technology has made this much easier.

Thanks to the internet, booking a tour with a reliable operator has become easy and stress free. Many companies now offer online booking systems, meaning you can choose a tour, make payment, and receive confirmation in just a few clicks. This makes it great for people who are travelling on a tight schedule.

In addition to being convenient, modern technology also allows visitors to research tour operators and find out what kind of reputation they have. Customer reviews are a great way to get an honest assessment of a tour before you experience it yourself. Furthermore, today’s technology has enabled tour operators to include additional features in their tours – such as live commentary provided through headphone sets and top-of-the-range transport vehicles.

Overall, booking a tour with a reliable tour operator is the key to making sure you get the best experience possible. Modern technology has made this process easier than ever, allowing you to select the perfect tour for your trip in no time.


Exploring Europe is an experience unlike any other. From the bustling cities to the beautiful and historic landmarks, there is something for everyone. Whether you want to take in the culture of Rome, marvel at the beauty of Paris, or wander the canals of Amsterdam, there are plenty of must-visit cities and landmarks to choose from. Thanks for reading and we hope you have a great time on your European adventure!

Exploring the Best of Europe: Must-Visit Cities and Landmarks


When writing this article, we used a variety of sources to make sure the information was accurate. This guide references websites like Lonely Planet and TripAdvisor, as well as books like The Rough Guide and Insight Guides for up-to-date information. We also asked experienced travellers for their insights and opinions.

Lonely Planet (

TripAdvisor (

The Rough Guide (

Insight Guides (

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